Blog en vivo: el CEO de Apple, Tim Cook, testifica en un importante debate antimonopolio

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El director ejecutivo de Apple, Tim Cook, testificará el día de hoy frente al Comité de Justicia de la Cámara de Representantes en una investigación en curso sobre probables inconvenientes antimonopolio y accionar anticompetitivo. Cook aparecerá al lado de Mark Zuckerberg de Fb, Sundar Pichai de Google plus y Jeff Bezos de Amazon. Vaya ahora para poder ver el blog terminado de la audiencia en directo de el día de hoy.

Comentarios preparados

Los líderes técnicos de los 4 Enormes ahora han compartido una copia del alegato propedéutico listo para la audiencia de el día de hoy. En la situacion de Apple, Tim Cook mantiene que Apple no es un actor dominante en ningún mercado en el que trabaja y que la Aplicación Store sirve como un espacio de seguridad para clientes y programadores.

El subcomité antimonopolio de la Casa de Justicia estuvo estudiando el mercado digital desde junio pasado.

«Desde junio pasado, el subcomité estuvo estudiando el dominio de un pequeño número de interfaces digitales y la idoneidad de las leyes antimonopolio que ya están y su implementación», afirmaron el presidente del Comité de Justicia de la Cámara de Representantes, Jerrold Nadler, y el presidente del subcomité antimonopolio, David Cicillin, en una declaración conjunta a inicios del año vigente. mes. .

Puede leer los comentarios terminados preparados por Cook, Bezos, Pichai y Zuckerberg ahora:

De qué manera ver el testimonio de Tim Cook

The American House transmitirá la audiencia de el día de hoy en directo en YouTube. Los ejecutivos de Big Four Tech aparecerán en una audiencia recóndita por medio de una videoconferencia sobre la pandemia de COVID-19.

Puedes verlo en el canal de YouTube de la Junta Judicial de la Casa de Justicia estadounidense. Consiga mucho más información en nuestra guía completa sobre de qué forma buscar aquí.

Testimonio de Tim Cook: Blog en directo

Se agregarán novedosas historias en la parte de arriba, conque actualízate para poder ver la última.

  • Y es un sobre. Cicilline concluye con un comentario final: “El día de hoy tuvimos la posibilidad de oír a los tomadores de resoluciones de las 4 compañías mucho más capaces de todo el mundo. Esta audiencia me dejó entender el hecho: estas compañías, como hay el día de hoy, tienen el monopolio. Ciertos han de ser desmantelados, todos han de estar adecuadamente regulados y rendir cuentas. Este subcomité publicará un informe sobre los desenlaces de nuestra investigación. Vamos a ofrecer resoluciones a los inconvenientes que encaramos.
  • McBath pregunta a los 4 presentes si están en compromiso a progresar la variedad de su liderazgo superior. Los 4 aseguran que sí.
  • Neguse relata los gadgets de rastreo de casos de Tile y la iniciativa de que Apple toma ideas de los programadores en sus interfaces.
    • “Gestionamos la Aplicación Store para contribuir a los programadores, no para perjudicarlos. Jamás robaríamos la propiedad intelectual de alguien. «
  • Un gerente de Neguse le pregunta a Cook sobre las pautas de la Aplicación Store y si se aconseja a los programadores que no clonen las apps.
    • Cook: «No estoy absolutamente familiarizado, pero pienso que sí. Conseguimos una secuencia de apps que eran esencialmente lo mismo. «
  • Un representante de Scanlon le pregunta a Bezos si Amazon etiquetó sus modelos internos como «fundamentales» a lo largo de la pandemia de COVID-19. Bezos afirma que, que sepa, ese no fue la situacion.
  • Jordan le pregunta a Cook sobre el popular aviso de Apple en 1984. “Lo recuerdo realmente bien, en ese instante era Apple en comparación con IBM”, afirma Cook. Jordan de alguna forma lo conecta con la «abolición de la civilización» y anima a 4 directivos ejecutivos a charlar en oposición a esa cultura. «Quisiera que verdaderamente se opongan y sean adecuados con sus puntos de vista», afirma.
  • Rap Jordan le pregunta a Tim Cook: «¿Es dañina una multitud de etnias de cancelación?»
    • Cook: «Es algo de lo que no soy muy consciente. Si habla de dónde habla alguien con un criterio diferente y cuándo es despedido, no pienso que sea bueno. Pienso que es positivo que la multitud escuche distintos puntos de vista y decida por sí sola.
  • El gerente Raskin le solicita a Cook datos sobre la comisión de la Aplicación Store. Cook enseña que las subscripciones empiezan en el 30% el primer año y después caen al 15% en el segundo año. El 84% de las apps no le abonan nada a Apple, afirma Cook. «Hay una extensa variedad de opciones. En el caso de que seas un creador, puedes redactar para Android, Windows, Xbox o Playstation ”, afirma.
  • Nadler pregunta sobre la debacle de la aplicación Hey. Cook afirma: «Oye, está en la tienda el día de hoy y nos alegra que estén aquí». Apunta que Apple recibe 100.000 apps cada día y se confunde.
  • Nadler le pregunta a Tim Cook sobre un informe reciente del New York Times, que enseña de qué manera Apple tiene planeado terminar a las vivencias virtuales como Airbnb y ClassPass, que fueron provocadas por la pandemia de COVID-19. Nadler pregunta si hablamos de una «ganancia pandémica».
    • Cook: “Jamás haríamos eso. Una pandemia es una catástrofe y daña a los estadounidenses y al planeta. Pienso que las situaciones de los que habla son casos en los que algo cambió a un servicio digital que técnicamente debe pasar por nuestro modelo de comisión. En 2 casos que conozco, estamos trabajando con programadores.
    • «No lo son. Somos muy p[roud of what we’ve done in education and we’re serving that market in a significant way. We will work with people who happen to move from a physical to a virtual world because of the pandemic.”
  • Steube asks all four witnesses if they believe that the Chinese government steals technology from the United States.
    • Cook: “I don’t know of specific cases where we have been stolen from by the government. I know of no case of ours where it’s occurred. I perro only speak to first-hand knowledge.”
    • Zuckerberg says it’s a well-documented fact that China steals from American companies.
  • Johnson goes on to question why Fb repackaged Onavo as the Fb Research aplicación and used it to pay teens to take surveys. Zuckerberg says he’s not aware of this.
  • Johnson asks Zuckerberg about Fb’s acquisition of Onavo, and its eventual removal from the Aplicación Store. Zuckerberg says the aplicación was not kicked out of the Aplicación Store, but rather removed when Apple changed its policies.
  • Rep. Johnson asks Zuckerberg about how Fb emplees things like APIs and the Like button to learn about its competitors. Zuckerberg agrees and says this is common market research.
  • Rep. Gaetz questioning Pichai on preserving the neutrality of the Google plus platform. Pichai says that Google plus would take “strong action” against using political agendas to manipulate any of its platforms.
  • Cicilline questions Zuckerberg on why Fb took so long to remove the incorrect and debunked hydroxychloroquine vídeo on Monday.
  • We’re now moving into the third and final round of questioning. Cicilline kicks things off by asking Zuckerberg if he has a responsibility to remove harmful lies from Fb. “I do not believe we have any incentive to have this content on our platform, except it’s often the most engaging,” Zuckerberg says.
  • McBath now questioning why Apple rejected an aplicación from publisher Random House, at the same time Random House was refusing to join the iBooks Store.
    • Cook: “There are many reasons why the aplicación might not go through the Aplicación Store gate. It might not work properly or there might be other issues.”
  • McBath goes on to question Apple’s removal of competing screen time applications from the Aplicación Store.
    • Cook: “We were concerned about the privacy and security of kids. The technology that was being used at the time was used MDM and it had the ability to take over a kid’s screen. There’s vibrant competition of parental controls out there.”
  • Rep. McBath: Does Apple have the ability to restrict aplicaciones from the Aplicación Store?
    • Cook: “If you look at the history of this, we’ve increased the number of aplicaciones from 500 to 1.7 million. We want every aplicación we perro on the platform.”
  • Rep. Neguse questions Bezos on y también-commerce market share and AWS. “Does Amazon use AWS data to build competing services,” Neguse asks. “Not to my knowledge,” Bezos responds.
  • Rep. Gaetz asks Zuckerberg why he fired Palmer Lucky. Zuckerberg says it’s not appropriate to comment on a especial personnel decision.
  • Demings says she is concerned that “Apple aplicaciones always win,” questioning Apple’s removal of third-party screen time aplicaciones
    • Cook: “The use of a technology called MDM placed kids’ data at risk and so we were worried about the safety of kids.”
    • Demings asks about a specific aplicación used by the Saudi Arabian government that was not removed, despite using MDM technology. “I’m not familiar with that aplicación. I’d like to look into this and get back to your office. We apply the rules to all developers evenly,” Cook says.
    • “There are over 30 parental controls on the Aplicación Store today, so there is plenty of competition. This is not an area where Apple gets any revenue at all,” Cook says.
  • Rep. Demings questions Zuckerberg about Fb’s integration of third-party platforms, questioning why Fb would cut off Pinterest but not Netflix. Zuckerberg “not familiar with that exchange,” but says Pinterest is a popular competitor.
  • Rep. Armstrong asks Bezos about using aggregate data to compete with third-party sellers.
  • And we’re back after a brief recess.
  • Rep. Johnson questions Bezos on counterfeit products on Amazon. Bezos says Amazon works hard on this issue and that the company does a lot to prevent counterfeiting.
  • Rep. Steube is back with more questions for Sundar Pichai. This time, he wants to know why YouTube pulled the debunked hydroxychloroquine vídeo.
  • Nadler questions Zuckerberg on inflated vídeo views on Fb and the effects that had on journalists. Zuckerberg “regrets the mistake.”
  • Rep. Gaetz is back with more questions for Google plus’s Pichai regarding the company’s dominance in the search industry, attempting to make a connection between Google plus manually alternating search results, bias, and fringe websites.
  • Rep. Raskin asks Bezos if Amazon prices the Echo device below cost. Bezos says if it’s on promotion, it might be below cost. “Our visión to this is that smart home speakers should answer to different wake words,” Bezos says.
  • Rep. Raskin asks Bezos about HBO Max coming to Fire televisión. Bezos says it’s simply two large companies trying to negotiate the details.
  • Rep. Buck asks the four witnesses if they agree that if their respective companies would agree not to use slave tarea. “I would love to engage on the legislation with you, Congressman, but let me be clear forced tarea is abhorrent,” Cook says. He adds that Apple would terminate a supplier relationship if slave tarea usage was discovered.
  • Jayapal asks Zuckerberg if Fb has threatened to clone a competitor while also trying to acquire it. Zuckerberg says he is not aware of that happening, but Jayapal reminds him that he is under oath. The congresswoman questions Zuckerberg about copying Instagram and Snapchat, but Zuckerberg dodges and says he doesn’t remember those conversations.
    • “Fb is a case study, in my mind, of monopoly power, because your company harvests and monetizes our data, and then your company emplees that data to spy on competitors and to copy, acquire and kill rivals,” Jayapal concludes.
  • Rep. Jayapal asks Zuckerberg if Fb copies features from competitors. Zuckerberg says Fb adapts features that competitors first had.
  • Rep. Sensenbrenner pushes Zuckerberg on Instagram acquisition again, saying that it was the Obama administration FTC that approved the acquisition. “I have reached the conclusion that we do not need to change our antitrust laws. The question here is the enforcement of those laws,” Sensenbrenner said.
  • That concludes the first round of questions, and we move immediately into round two. Chairman Cicilline presses Bezos on whether sellers have alternative places to sell en línea.
  • McBath asks Bezos if sellers would still flock to Amazon if the company didn’t have monopolistic power. Bezos rejects “the premise of the questions.”
  • Rep. McBath questions Bezos about stifling third-party sellers on Amazon, including a textbook company that says they were restricted by Amazon. Bezos says that such behavior is not “systematically what’s going on.”
  • Rep. Neguse asks Zuckerberg about Fb’s acquisition of WhatsApp. “WhatsApp was also both a competitor and complementary,” Zuckerberg said. “They competed with us in the area of popular messaging which is an important space.”
  • Scanlon asks Bezos about Amazon’s acquisition of Diapers.com, seeking details about Amazon’s pricing and trying to lower the deal cost. Bezos says he “doesn’t remember that at all.”
  • It’s Rep. Scanlon’s turn to ask questions to the witnesses: “We’d like to redirect you to antitrust law instead of fringe conspiracy theories,” she says. Rep. Jordan fights back, and Chairman Cicilline tells Jordan to “put your mask on.”
  • Rep Jordan is back with questions for Pichai: “Will Google plus tailor your features to help Joe Biden in the upcoming election?” Pichai says Google plus supports political ads from both sides. “Any work we do around elections is nonpartisan,” Pichai says.
  • Rep. Demings questions Pichai about Google plus’s acquisition and the effects it had on usuario privacy.
    • Demings asks whether the more usuario data collected means more money for Google plus. “Most of the data we collect is to help users,” Pichai says.
  • Steube now asks Pichai why his campaign correos electrónicos are being sent to “Junk” folders for Gmail users.
  • Rep. Steube questions Google plus’s Pichai about The Gateway Pundit, a far-right news website. Steube says the website was unavailable vía Google plus Search until recently.
  • Rep. Jayapal questions Bezos about whether Amazon emplees seller data to make competitive products. Bezos says it’s against company policy, but unclear if it’s happened in the past.
  • We’re back with Rep. Armstrong questioning Pichai about censoring conservative views and whether Google plus’s size protects it from criticism.
  • We’ve now entered a 10-minute recess while the committee “fixes a technical feed with one of our witnesses.”
  • Rep. Raskin asks Zuckerberg about election integrity, white supremacy, and popular division in the US. Zuckerberg emphasizes that Fb has hired over 30,000 people to protect against election interference.
  • Meanwhile, over in Bezos land:
  • Rep. Gaetz questions Google plus’s Pichai about working with the Chinese government, but not the US military.
  • Rep. Johnson asks “what’s to stop Apple from increasing Aplicación Store commissions to 50%?”
    • Cook emphasizes they’ve never raised commissions, and there is a competition for developers. “They perro write their aplicaciones for Android, Windows, Xbox, Playstation. It’s like a street fight for market share.”
  • Johnson asks if Apple ever retaliates against developers who speak out about Aplicación Store concerns:
    • “We do not retaliate or bully people. It’s strongly against our company culture.”
  • Johnson asks Cook about Amazon’s agreement with Apple, is this program available to any developer?
    • Cook: “It’s available to anyone encuentro the conditions.”
  • Rep. Johnson: Does Apple treat every aplicación and every developer the same?
    • Cook: “We treat every developer the same. We have open rules. It’s a rigorous process. Because we care about privacy and quality, we do look at every aplicación before it goes on. We apply these rules equally to everyone.”
  • Rep. Johnson asks Cook about the Aplicación Store.
    • “The Aplicación Store is a feature of the iPhone, much like the camera is,” Cook says.
  • Rep. Ken Buck questions Google plus’s Pichai about the company’s ties to China, the reasoning for dropping out of the JEDI military contract, etcétera.
  • Nadler asks Zuckerberg whether Instagram should be broken off as a separate business today if the initial reason for the acquisition was to stifle a potential competitor. Zuckerberg cites unanimous approval from the FTC.
    • “With hindsight, it probably looks obvious that Instagram would have reached the scale that it has today but at the time it was far from obvious. We invested heavily in building up the infrastructure.”
  • Rep. Nadler now questions Zuckerberg about Fb’s acquisition of Instagram.
    • Zuckerberg says it was a very successful acquisition, Instagram now reaches more people than ever thought possible.
    • Rep. Nadler references newly-leaked correos electrónicos that espectáculo Zuckerberg was worried “Instagram cánido hurt” Fb. “In the space of mobile photos and camera aplicaciones, which was growing, they were a competitor,” Zuckerberg says today.
  • Rep. Sensenbrenner pivots back to censorship. Asks Zuckerberg about censorship of content including hydroxychloroquine, particularly mentioning Donald Trump Jr. Zuckerberg reminds Sensenbrenner that it was Trump Jr.’s Twitter account was reprimanded, not his Fb account.
  • Cicilline pushes Pichai on whether Google plus used web traffic surveillance to find competitive threats:
    • Pichai: “We try to understand trends from data, which we perro see, which cánido be used to improve our products for our users, but we are really focused on improving our products.”
  • Now, it’s time for questioning. First up is Chairman Cicilline, who questions Google plus’s Pichai about whether or not Google plus steals content and privileges from other businesses.
    • This is related to allegations from Yelp that Google plus stole reviews and other content.
    • Pichai: “With respect, I disagree with that characterization.”
  • Finally, Fb’s Mark Zuckerberg is delivering his opening statement.

  • Third, Apple director ejecutivo Tim Cook, who is reading his prepared remarks.
    • “In the more than a decade since the Aplicación Store debuted, we have never raised the commission or added a single fee. In fact, we have reduced them for subscriptions and exempted additional categories of aplicaciones. The Aplicación Store evolves with the times, and every change we have made has been in the direction of providing a better experience for our users and a compelling business opportunity for developers.”
    • Read Tim Cook’s full opening statement to today’s antitrust committee
  • Google plus director ejecutivo Sundar Pichai is next with opening comments.
    • “Just as American leadership in these areas is not ineludible, we know Google plus’s continued success is not guaranteed. Google plus operates in highly competitive and dynamic global markets, in which prices are free or falling, and products are constantly improving.”
    • You perro read Pichai’s full prepared remarks here.
  • Now we’re on to opening comments from the witnesses. First up is Amazon’s Jeff Bezos.
    • “Every day, Amazon competes against large, established jugadores like Objetivo, Costco, Kroger, and, of course, Walmart—a company more than twice Amazon’s size. And while we have always focused on producing a great customer experience for retail sales done primarily en línea, sales initiated en línea are now an even larger growth area for other stores.”
    • You perro read the full text of his prepared remarks here.
  • Chairman Cicilline invites the four witnesses to unmute their WebEx stream and swear in:

  • Opening comments from Rep. Jim Jordan, who apparently forgot this hearing is about antitrust.
    • “I’ll just cut to the chase: big tech is out to get conservatives.”
    • “If it doesn’t end, there have to be consequences.”
  • Here’s a look at the WebEx setup for this remote hearing:

  • Now onto Jerry Nadler’s opening comments.
    • “These dominant platforms now comprise the essential infrastructure for the 21st century.
  • Opening comments from top member Jim Sensenbrenner.
    • “Being big is not necessarily bad. In America, you should be rewarded for your success. My colleagues and I have a great interest in what your companies do with that accumulated power.”
    • We also know that the tech marketplace is driven by data — there are
  • And here we go… kicking off with an opening statement from Chairman David Cicilline emphasizing the bipartisan nature of this investigation.
    • “Our two objectives have been to document competition problems in the digital economy, and to evaluate whether the current antitrust framework is able to properly address them.”
    • “As gatekeepers of the digital economy, these platforms enjoy the power to pick winners and losers, shake down small businesses and enrich themselves while choking off competitors”
  • President Trump weighs in:

https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/1288506554585505793?s=21

  • Update: The antitrust hearing has been delayed for approximately 30 minutes, so we now expect a start sometime between 9:30 a.m. PT and 10 a.m. PT/12:30 pm and 1 p.m. ET.
  • For a more Google plus-focused look at today’s hearing, be sure to check out our sister site 9to5Google plus.
  • The hearing is equipo to begin at 9 a.m. PT/12 p.m. ET. The process will start with opening remarks from all four of the CEOs: Sundar Pichai, Tim Cook, Mark Zuckerberg, and Jeff Bezos.

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